Coconut milk and boat-fresh seafood creates a RÃo Dulce specialty and the garÃfunaâ€™s most beloved dishWith an abundance of impossibly fresh seafood and locally grown, tropical produceâ€”from bright green plantains to coffee-brown coconutsâ€”it is no wonder food on Guatemalaâ€™s Caribbean coast is distinctive from platos tÃpicos found on the interior.
Aside from ingredients, the major culinary influence at the RÃo Dulce and surrounding areas comes from a community of people self-identified as Garinagu but commonly known as garÃfuna. The garÃfuna are an old and proud Carib peoples, descendant from a South American indigenous community, the Arawak, and African slaves brought over by Spanish ships as early as 1635. Today there are thought to be about 100,000 people who identify as garÃfuna, living mostly in Caribbean-bordering countries and islands, but as far away as New York City. They have preserved strong Afro-Caribbean traditions passed down to new generations through dance, drum music, artisan crafts and of course food.
Tapado (ta-paa-do) is one of the more popular garÃfuna dishes, consisting of seafood, bananas and plantains all swimming in a spicy, coconut milk-broth. Many restaurants and local stalls sell this fragrant concoction in LÃvingston, where Guatemalaâ€™s largest population of garÃfuna resides. If a trip east is not in your plans, try out the recipe below to bring the flavors of the Caribbean to your kitchen. But GarÃfuna National Day is November 26; this celebration of Garinagu heritage and culture is where you are sure to find tapado and other traditional foods sold by the buckets. However you come by it, tapado will quickly become as vivid in your Guatemalan memories as tortillas or frijoles volteados. Enjoy!
GarÃfuna Tapado (Total time 40 minutes; serves 4 generously)
1 tablespoon canola oil
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tablespoon ginger, minced
1 medium onion, diced
1 red bell pepper, diced
Â½ teaspoon dried oregano
Â½ tsp ground annatto or achiote paste
Â¼ teaspoon black pepper
2 cups coconut milk
2 cups chicken broth
1 teaspoons salt (or to taste)
1 bay leaf
6-8 small boiling potatoes, halved
1 green banana, sliced
1 very ripe plantain, sliced
1 large tomato, large dice
4 blue crabs
8 large shrimp, deveined
8 ounces white fish, like halibut or tilapia, cut into two-inch cubes
2 tablespoons cilantro, chopped for garnish
In a large pot, sautÃ© garlic and ginger in oil over medium heat, about 1 minute. Add onion and pepper; sautÃ© for 3-4 minutes, or until onions develop color. Add spices (not salt) and cook for 1 minute. Add coconut milk, broth and bay leaf; bring to a boil. Add potatoes and green banana and cook on medium high heat until almost tender, about 10 minutes. Turn down heat and add plantain, tomato, and seafood; simmer until everything is cooked through, about 5 minutes more. Turn off heat, stir in half of the cilantro. Ladle into bowls and serve hot with cilantro garnish.